One of the necessary structures in industrial installation and water supply system are tanks. Because of
different purposes tanks are built as on ground, elevated, buried or half-buried. Tanks are used for storage
of different materials such as water, oil, nitrogen, high pressure gases and chemical materials. Mostly, tanks
are in two shapes of rectangular and circular. For water storage usually concrete tanks are used. These tanks
are utilized for various purposes such as storage, providing pressure and calming fluid flow. Damage in
these tanks can cause financial and vital injuries. Also, the necessity of providing water for a region
stricken by an earthquake represents the importance of investigating their seismic performance for
assessing their safe behavior. Because of widespread use of tanks and their vulnerability in earthquakes,
notable damages have been observed during previous earthquakes. Sometimes these damages cause a full
loss of tank performance and the fluid stored in it and the other time it causes only repairable faults. In this
research the dynamic behavior of concrete cylindrical tanks is investigated. Effective parameters in
dynamic response of tanks such as wall rigidity, base fixity, vertical acceleration of ground motion and
height to diameter ratio are evaluated. Also for studying vulnerability of these tanks, seismic fragility
curves for three different tanks with height to diameter ratios of 0.75, 0.5 and 0.25 are developed.
Moreover, the effect of fill percentage on seismic fragility curves are investigated with considering three
different cases for one of the tanks. The tanks are designed based on ACI 350.3 and evaluated by dynamic
analysis of with Abaqus. It is assumed that the tanks rest on a rigid foundation. One of the most important
issues in designing concrete tanks is control of crack width for preventing leakage and corrosion of rebars.
In addition, knowledge of water wave height due to sloshing of water is important for considering the free
board. Seismic fragility curves for critical crack width, bending capacity of wall and water over flow from
tanks wall are developed. One other important problem about dynamic behavior of circular concrete tanks
that has less been investigated in previous researches is the simultaneous effect of vertical and horizontal
components of earthquake acceleration. The results of numerical analysis show that increase of wall
flexibility has a considerable effect on the response of fluid and especially tank wall. Also use of a hinged
base connection instead of a fixed base connection significantly reduces the maximum bending moment in
the tanks wall. It is observed that the effect of vertical acceleration of earthquake should be taken into
account in designing tall tanks. The seismic fragility curves for critical crack width and fluid spillover in
tanks represented that the height to diameter ratio and the fill percentage are major sources of uncertainty in
seismic fragility curves of cylindrical concrete water tanks.
Concrete cylindrical tank, Dynamic analysis, Flexural crack width, Water sloshing,
Seismic fragility curve.